Cervical canceration is a heavy topic. The reason why sisters talk about cancerous discoloration is because cervical cancer is difficult to detect in the early stage, and once obvious symptoms appear, it is mostly advanced.
As the Hainan promotion and demonstration site of "Prevention of cervical cancer and standardized diagnosis and treatment of precancerous lesions" of the Ministry of Health, Hainan Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital has planned cervical screening screening since 2004, and strives to detect cervical precancerous lesions and early Cervical cancer. Analysis of dozens of cervical cancer patients admitted to Hainan Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, almost all of them were first diagnosed. Women in remote rural areas have never had cervical cytology.
For female friends who have sex, the deputy chief physician of the hospital's cervical disease diagnosis and treatment center, Lian Huizhi, suggested that a gynecological physical examination should be performed once every two years, and a cervical cancer prevention test must be done. She said that cervical cytology (TCT) has an irreplaceable role in the diagnosis and treatment of early cervical cancer, and cells can be scraped directly from the cervix and observed under a microscope. If the TCT reports something abnormal, don't panic. Next, a test called a colposcopy is needed. This examination can visually observe the lesion and magnify the surface of the cervix several times. After applying a 3% acetic acid solution on the surface of the cervix, observe the changes in the color and blood vessels of the cervix, and you can make a preliminary judgment on whether there is a suspicious lesion in the cervix. Ultimately, the pathological results of cervical biopsy are needed to determine whether it is inflammation, precancerous lesions, or cervical cancer.
HPV testing should also be performed when examining cervical disease. HPV is a virus whose full name is "Human Papilloma Virus". It is a major risk factor for cervical precancerous lesions and cervical cancer. Therefore, HPV-DNA testing should also be performed when examining cervical diseases. If the result of this test is positive, you don't need to be afraid of it. Because there are many types of HPV, some are related to cervical cancer and some are not. And not all women with a positive HPV test will necessarily get cervical cancer, but women with cervical cancer must have a positive HPV test. HPV is mainly transmitted through sexual life, so the occurrence of cervical cancer is related to multiple sexual partners, premature sexual life and other factors.
Cervical cancer is a slow development process. It usually takes 6 to 8 years from the inflammation of the normal cervix to the precancerous lesions, and finally to the invasive cervical cancer. Therefore, women 30 to 39 and 60 to 69 years old, A small amount of vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse should be promptly done to the hospital for gynecological examination.